Seminole Wars 200th Anniversary

Neamathla (Eneah Emathla) was the principal chief of Fowltown. The Seminole War started in his village on November 21-23 1817.

The 200th anniversary of the Seminole Wars is now underway.

This series of conflicts took place in Florida, Georgia and Alabama from 1817-1858. The combat phase of the Seminole War began with the Battle of Fowltown in Decatur County, Georgia, on November 21-23, 1817 and continued until the conflict was “declared” over by Col. Gustavus Loomis on May 8, 1858. No peace treaty was reached at the time, however, and the Native Americans did not reestablish formal relations with the United States until the Seminole Tribe of Florida did so in 1957 and the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida followed in 1962.

Most historians regard the long war as three separate conflicts: The First Seminole War (1817-1818), The Second Seminole War (1835-1842) and the Third Seminole War (1856-1858). Many Native Americans, however, consider it to have been a single conflict with occasional breaks in the fighting.

To commemorate this brutal time in American history and to remember those who suffered and died on both sides, we are publishing a continuing series of articles about the Seminole War and the events leading to it. You can access these stories by following the links below:

Latest Article:  More fighting on the Apalachicola


Chronological List of Articles:

July 27, 1816:  The Fort at Prospect Bluff (“Negro Fort”)

January 1817:  Seminole and Creek warriors burn Fort Scott, Georgia

April 1817:  Troops prepare for march to Fort Scott

May 9, 1817:  Neamathla stands his ground

June 5, 1817:  U.S. troops return to Fort Scott

July 5, 1817:  Violence surges on the Florida-Georgia border

July 6, 1817:  Arbuthnot and Francis arrive in Florida

July 7, 1817:  Blockhouses on the Choctawhatchee and Yellow Water Rivers

July 9, 1817:  “They shall receive a full portion of its evils”

July 11, 1817:  Georgia authorizes its militia to attack

August 3, 1817:   Neamathla warns the U.S. Army

August 4, 1817:  The Fort Scott Council of 1817

August 13, 1817:  “They’d cry out I was a savage”

September 6, 1817:  A demand at Miccosukee

September 11, 1817:  Miccosukee stands firm

September 13, 1817:  Suwannee Old Town

October 11, 1817:  Ships ordered to Apalachicola Bay

November 5, 1817:  “Nothing but the application of force”

November 8, 1817:  Fowltown: The village on Four Mile Creek

November 12, 1817:  “Retain some of them as hostages”

November 15, 1817:  U.S. troops march down Three Notch Road

November 16, 1817:  Soldiers cross future site of Blakely, Georgia

November 17, 1817:  Army column reaches Iron City, Georgia

November 18, 1817:  Troops reach Spring Creek

November 20, 1817:  The March to Fowltown

November 21, 1817:  The Battle of Fowltown: Day One

November 22, 1817:  The Battle of Fowltown: Day Two

November 23, 1817:  The Battle of Fowltown: Day Three

November 24, 2017:  The Building of Fort Hughes

November 26, 2017:  Prelude to a Disaster

November 30, 2017:  Bloodiest U.S. Defeat of the First Seminole War

December 4, 2017:  Aftermath of the attack on Scott’s Command

December 8, 2017:  “A Constant and Tremendous Firing”

December 10, 2017:  “The shock of an Earthquake was distinctly felt”

December 11, 2017:  Emissaries from the Red Sticks

December 12, 2017:  The Black Seminoles of 1817

December 13, 2017:  The Killing of Chief Perryman at Spanish Bluff

December 15, 2017:  The Battle of Ocheesee Bluff

December 16, 2017:  Two Battles shake the Frontier

December 18, 2017:  Fighting continues on the Apalachicola River

December 18, 2017:  Fort Hughes is Evacuated

December 19, 2017:  “Something should have been done immediately”

December 20, 2017:  Our situation is really an alarming one”

December 27, 2017:  Andrew Jackson ordered to the Florida frontier

December 29, 2017:  Last Day of the Battle of Ocheesee Bluff

December 30, 2017:  Georgia troops move to build Fort Early

December 31: 2017:  New Year’s Eve raid on the St. Marys

January 4, 2018:  The Destruction of Fowltown and Attapulgus

January 6, 2018:  “We are now on half rations”

January 8, 2018:  A Red Stick Chief describes the Battle of New Orleans

January 11, 2018:  “Thirty head of poor cows”

January 12, 2018:  Attack near Fort Gaines, Georgia

January 13, 2018:  Andrew Jackson plans to invade Florida

January 14, 2018:  More fighting on the Apalachicola


Future articles will be added to this chronological list as they are published so bookmark this page and check back often!

To learn more about the Seminole War, also enjoy these free video presentations from Two Egg TV: