• Forts
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    Torture and scalping on the Apalachicola (July 19, 1816)

    Creek warriors moving down the east side of the Apalachicola River captured a courier from Prospect Bluff 200 years ago today. He was bearing a gruesome trophy. This is part of a series marking the 200th anniversary of the destruction of the Fort at Prospect Bluff (or “Negro Fort”), Florida. Please click here to access […]

  • Forts
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    An Alliance with Creek warriors (July 18, 1816)

    U.S. troops en route to attack the Fort at Prospect Bluff (or “Negro Fort”) formed an alliance with hundreds of Creek Warriors ¬†200 years ago today (July 18, 1816). This story is part of a series marking the 200th anniversary of the U.S. campaign to destroy the Fort at Prospect Bluff. Please click here to […]

  • Battles
    Mouth of the Apalachicola River
    The Watering Party Attack (July 17, 1816)

    The first bloodshed of the U.S. campaign against the Fort at Prospect Bluff (or “Negro Fort”) took place 200 years ago today on July 17, 1816. This article is part of a series marking the 200th anniversary of the destruction of the maroon settlement at Prospect Bluff, Florida. Please click here to read previous articles. […]

  • Forts
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    The U.S. Army prepares to move on Prospect Bluff (July 16, 1816)

    Soldiers from the 4th U.S. Infantry spent this day 200 years ago preparing for their campaign against the Fort at Prospect Bluff, Florida. Lieutenant Colonel Duncan Lamont Clinch had brought his men down the Chattahoochee River from Fort Gaines in June, moving pursuant to orders received from Major General Edmund Pendleton Gaines. Clinch and his […]

  • Forts
    U.S. Gunboats No. 149 and No. 154 entered the mouth of the Apalachicola River on July 24, 1816.
    Garcon challenges the U.S. Navy (July 15, 1816)

    The first shots of the U.S. campaign against the Fort at Prospect Bluff (or “Negro Fort”) were fired 200 years ago today on July 15, 1816. In many ways they could also be called the first shots of the last battle of the War of 1812. This story is part of a series marking the […]

  • Forts
    Studying the design of the Fort at Prospect Bluff.
    The Defenses of Prospect Bluff (July 14, 1816)

    The fortifications and cannon of Prospect Bluff offered a daunting challenge for¬†would-be attackers. These defenses were extensive and strong. It was quiet 200 years ago today as U.S. Navy gunboats waited in Apalachicola Bay for the arrival of American troops. This post is part of a series marking the 200th anniversary of the U.S. campaign […]

  • Forts
    The remains of the water battery of the Fort at Prospect Bluff were incorporated into the later Fort Gadsden. This is the probable point from which Garcon's gunners were firing 24-pounders at American troops.
    The Year Without A Summer (July 13, 1816)

    The arrival of U.S. ships in Apalachicola Bay was not the only worry affecting life at Prospect Bluff 200 years ago today. Strange weather conditions had descended across much of the Northern Hemisphere, the result of a volcanic explosion thousands of miles away from Prospect Bluff in the Pacific Ocean. This post is part of […]

  • Forts
    New directional signs are part of the U.S. Forest Service's redesign of Fort Gadsden Historic Site, the location of the Fort at Prospect Bluff.
    The Fort at Prospect Bluff (July 11, 1816)

    News of the arrival of U.S. warships in Apalachicola Bay probably reached the Fort at Prospect Bluff 200 years ago today on July 11, 1816. The term “Fort at Prospect Bluff” is used here instead of the better known “Negro Fort” moniker because there is no evidence that the occupants of the post ever used […]

  • Prospect Bluff Campaign (July 10, 1816)

    The U.S. campaign against the fort or post at Prospect Bluff – sometimes called the “Negro Fort” – began 200 years ago today. The expedition ended seventeen days later with the deadliest cannon shot in American history. The Fort at Prospect Bluff has been called by many names: British Post, Negro Fort, Fort Negro, Fort […]