• Battles
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    Eve of Destruction at Prospect Bluff (July 26, 1816)

    Volcanic ash in the atmosphere gave the sun a blood-red appearance as it rose above the Apalachicola River 200 years ago today. It was an omen of the deadly destruction that would strike the Fort at Prospect Bluff in less than 24-hours. This article is part of a series marking the 200th anniversary of the […]

  • Battles
    This lidar (laser radar) image shows the Apalachicola River at left. The slough and swamp that wrapped behind the fort are visible as "deep" areas in the right of the photos. Look closely just right of the river and you can see the faint outlines of the surviving earthworks of the fort.
    Clinch and Loomis at Bloody Bluff (July 25, 1816)

    The U.S. gunboats reached Bloody Bluff on the Apalachicola River 200 years ago today. The full-scale American assault on the Fort at Prospect Bluff (or “Negro Fort”) was now just three days away. This is part of a series marking the 200th anniversary of the U.S. attack on the Fort at Prospect Bluff. Please click […]

  • Battles
    The Fort at Prospect Bluff as drawn by a Spanish officer in 1815. Notice that the octagonal citadel and angular water battery are shown, but not the large outer entrenchment.
    Gunboats on the Apalachicola River (July 24, 1816)

    The U.S. Navy began its move up the Apalachicola River 200 years ago today on July 24, 1816. U.S. Gunboats No. 149 and No. 154 were on their way to join the fighting at Prospect Bluff (or “Negro Fort”). This is part of a series marking the 200th anniversary of the U.S. attack on the […]

  • Battles
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    Cannon fire at Prospect Bluff (July 22, 1816)

    The sounds of an intensifying battle could be heard by U.S. sailors at Apalachicola Bay 200 years ago today on July 22, 1816. This is part of a series marking the 200th anniversary of the U.S. campaign against the Fort at Prospect Bluff (or “Negro Fort”). Please click here to access all of the articles […]

  • Battles
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    The Battle of Prospect Bluff, Day Two (July 21, 1816)

    The defenders of the Fort at Prospect Bluff (or “Negro Fort”) continued their bombardment of U.S. forces and Creek warriors 200 years ago today on July 21, 1816. This is part of a series marking the 200th anniversary of the U.S. campaign to destroy the Fort at Prospect Bluff, Florida. Please click here to access […]

  • Forts
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    Torture and scalping on the Apalachicola (July 19, 1816)

    Creek warriors moving down the east side of the Apalachicola River captured a courier from Prospect Bluff 200 years ago today. He was bearing a gruesome trophy. This is part of a series marking the 200th anniversary of the destruction of the Fort at Prospect Bluff (or “Negro Fort”), Florida. Please click here to access […]

  • Forts
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    An Alliance with Creek warriors (July 18, 1816)

    U.S. troops en route to attack the Fort at Prospect Bluff (or “Negro Fort”) formed an alliance with hundreds of Creek Warriors ¬†200 years ago today (July 18, 1816). This story is part of a series marking the 200th anniversary of the U.S. campaign to destroy the Fort at Prospect Bluff. Please click here to […]

  • Battles
    Mouth of the Apalachicola River
    The Watering Party Attack (July 17, 1816)

    The first bloodshed of the U.S. campaign against the Fort at Prospect Bluff (or “Negro Fort”) took place 200 years ago today on July 17, 1816. This article is part of a series marking the 200th anniversary of the destruction of the maroon settlement at Prospect Bluff, Florida. Please click here to read previous articles. […]